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Papyrus is an ancient paper-like material that originated in Ancient Egypt and Syria, which alsmost single-handedly helped the rise of the first modern civilizations. Here you can read more about its rich history and the way it faded away from use when modern wood-based paper appeared.
Vellum is a high quality form of parchment, paper like material that was created from skins of animals for centuries in all around the world before arrival of Chinese paper. Here you can learn much more about it and how it was used in post-Roman history of Europe.
History of paper machines started from the moment first Chinese paper recipes arrived to Europe in 11th century AD. From that point on more and more effort was placed on solving the riddle of easy and efficient paper production, with it finally being solved in early 19th century with famous Fourdrinier paper machines. Find out more about history of those machines here.
History of Paper Mills is a long one, and it went through several changes together with the evolution of the paper machines and paper industry. Today, paper mills are totally different than the ones created just 100 years ago, and here you can find out why.