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Papyrus is an ancient paper-like material that originated in Ancient Egypt and Syria, which alsmost single-handedly helped the rise of the first modern civilizations. Here you can read more about its rich history and the way it faded away from use when modern wood-based paper appeared.
History of Paper started in ancient china with the inventions made by Cain Lun (50 – 121 AD), who enabled faster and more reliable production of this highly valuable material. Spreading all across china, paper eventually arrived in Arab countries and during Crusades, in Europe. Jump in here to read more about it.
Vellum is a high quality form of parchment, paper like material that was created from skins of animals for centuries in all around the world before arrival of Chinese paper. Here you can learn much more about it and how it was used in post-Roman history of Europe.
Parchment is a paper-like material created from the skins of animals. Today it is remembered as one of the primary mean of data collection from the moment Roman Empire started its rule to the arrival and proliferation of paper in 17th century AD. Read more about history of parchment here.